Increasing your child’s “metacognitive ability” will lead to improved academic performance!


Have you heard of the phrase “metacognitive ability”? Improving these skills will help your child get better grades in school. In this article, we will introduce the definition of “metacognitive ability” and how we can help our children improve these skills.

What is “Metacognitive Ability”?

“Metacognitive Ability” is the ability to control one’s cognitive processes and self-regulate.
A student’s “metacognitive ability” will strongly influence how they study and their grades. In the field of psychology, the definition of “cognition” is recognizing, understanding and performing actions based on a specific task.

Students with “metacognitive ability” are able to see their weak points and poor actions from the third person. This ability is helpful when they become young adults and attend job interviews and start working. People who are able to analyze their own thinking habits and emotional condition and can use self-control are more likely to take on a management and/or upper management position in their companies. “Metacognitive Ability” has been a popular phrase in the fields of management and human resource development in recent years.

What are the benefits of children acquiring “Metacognitive Ability”?

Here are some of the benefits:

・The ability to improve their learning efficiency by finding a learning style that fits their personality
By seeing themselves from the third person and considering whether their learning style is the best for them it is possible for them to search for a different style that may be better for them.

・The ability to successfully solve problems
They are able to self-monitor and prevent themselves from making the same mistakes by remembering the reason they made a mistake last time they experienced the same problem.

・Decrease in careless mistakes and losing things
An improvement in “Metacognitive Ability” will lead to better test scores. During the test, it is easy to make careless mistakes so children with high “Metacognitive Ability” will know that it is important to leave time to make corrections at the end of the test period. They will also be less likely to forget their things.

What can we, as parents, do to improve our child’s “Metacognitive Ability”?

“Metacognitive Ability” begins to develop from the later part of childhood and starts to formalize from around the 3rd year of elementary school. Parents’ cooperation is mandatory when trying to improve one’s child’s “Metacognitive Ability”. Let’s explore how parents can help.

■What parents can do
・Ask your child which subject at school that day he/she remembers the most
・Instead of getting angry, encourage your child to consider where he/she went wrong on the test

By talking about what he/she learned at school, it will be easier for them to grasp how much of the subject they understood and how much they need to review more. However, your child’s “Metacognitive Ability” will not improve if you continue to point out their mistakes and offer the answers. It is important that you give them the opportunity to think for themselves and come up with their own solutions. It is impossible for children to improve their “Metacognitive Ability” on their own. Their parents’ support and cooperation is essential for their development.

Unlike academic ability and IQ, “Metacognitive Ability” cannot be measured but acquiring this ability will be very important in our global society. Parents’ support and encouragement is very helpful in developing this ability. Let’s work with our children and help them learn the skill as soon as possible.

  • GYMBO friends